Grandmaster Tamo or Arya Bodhidharma



Tamo or Arya Bodhidharma
The list of people connecting the Buddha to Master Hui Neng is on the left below.  After Master Hui Neng, Zen diversified into different schools, so each modern school would have, mostly, different names from then on wards.

Here are some of the well known ‘keepers of the lamp’ up to Tamo (Bodhidharma):

The Buddha (around 500 BC)
Leader of the Buddhist teaching in this historical period (there were other Buddhas before, whose teachings have been lost).  He truly discovered the Truth without reliance on written teachings.

Maha Kasyapa
The Buddha’s great follower, who was a considered a great monk, even before he met the Buddha.  Famous for modest living and happy adherence to the precepts, he was the only follower that understood the Buddha’s “silent teaching”, making him the fist Patriarch of Zen.

Entrance to Bodhidharma’s
medittion cave

The Buddha’s attendant.  He was instrumental in allowing women to become monks during the life of the Buddha.





Visitors pay homage at
the shrine in the cave 

 Bodhidharma  brought Zen  from India to  China and  lived in the  Shaolin  Temple that ironically became  famous for Kung  Fu  hundreds of years later.  He  was an Indian  person so his facial  features were  quite  dramatic, to the Chinese.  Accordingly, he is  heavily stylized  when depicted.

 The statue above is a very standard depiction,  while the round, red ball thing on  the top right is  a unique, Japanese version.  In Japan temples  sell wooden  versions in this style without eye  pupils.  You take it home and paint one pupil in  before starting a big task, such as studying for a test.  when the task is successfully completed, you paint the seconds pupil in and return him to the temple.

Darma invigorates the Shaolin Temple
Next Darma traveled north, eventually arriving at the Shaolin Temple.  A popular legend claims he crossed the Yangtze River on a reed to get there.  This is often depicted in images of him including the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) figurine on the left.

At Shaolin he spent nine years meditating while facing a wall.  He took no disciples until one monk cut off his arm to prove his sincerity in relieving his suffering. The disciple was Master Hui K’o who became Darma’s successor.

According to the legend, he told the official he was returning to India and carrying a single shoe.  The resulting controversy caused the monks to open Darma’s grave where only a single shoe was found.  Whatever the actual facts are, this led to yet another popular depiction of Darma as travelling with a single show in toe, as in the Qing Dynasty figure on the right.

At the Shaolin Temple we teach Tamo’s Qi Gong Ba Duan Jin, Yi Jin Ching, Ssway and 18 Iron Palm.