Grandmaster Yang Cheng Fu
Born 1883 – Passed – 1936
Yang Cheng Fu was born into the famous Yang Taijiquan family, the son of Yang Chien Hou and grandson of Yang Lu Chan. With his older brother Yang Shao Hou (楊少侯) and colleagues Wu Jianquan (吳鑑泉) and Sun Lutang (孫錄堂), he was among the first teachers to offer T’ai chi ch’uan instruction to the general public at the Beijing Physical Culture Research Institute from 1914 until 1928. He moved to Shanghai in 1928.
Cheng Fu is known for having “smoothed” out the somewhat more vigorous training routine he learned from his family as well as emphasizing a “large frame” or “Da Jia (大架)” with expansive movements in stepping and using large circular motions with the arms. His smooth, evenly paced large frame form and its hundreds of offshoots has been the standard for Yang-style T’ai Chi Ch’uan (and overwhelmingly in the public imagination for T’ai Chi Ch’uan in general) ever since.
Chengfu is the official author of two books on the style, ”Application methods of Taijiquan”, published in 1931, and ”Essence and Applications of Taijiquan” (Taijiquan Tiyong Quanshu), published in 1934. Taijiquan Shiyongfa (Application methods of Taijiquan) author Yang Cheng Fu year 1931 Taijiquan Tiyong Quanshu (Complete Book of the Essence and Applications of Taijiquan) author Yang Cheng Fu year 1934. His second book was translated into English in 2005. Author Yang Cheng Fu and Louis Swaim. The Essence and Applications of Taijiquan year 2005
In July 1900, foreign troops entered Beijing. Legends has it that Cheng took the responsibility for defending the people from the invasion. He tried to defend himself against a dozen soldiers armed with only two daggers. His pupils tried to stop him, but to no avail. It was later found that Cheng single-handedly killed ten or more soldiers, but he died of multiple bullet wounds. Another story described how Cheng was killed by German Soldiers in 1900 during the boxer rebellion. In this story, Cheng was being work press ganged into a work detail so he pulled a short knife and was shot jumping over a wall in an attempt to escape.
Students & Descendants
His direct descendants, the many students he taught, and their students, have spread the art around the world. Among Yang Cheng Fu’s students were famous masters such as Tung Ying-Chieh (Dong Yingjie, 董英杰; 1898–1961), Chen Weiming (scholar) Chen Weiming, Fu Zhongwen (Fu Chung-wen, 1903–1994), Li Yaxuan (李雅轩; 1894–1976) and Cheng Man-Ch’ing. Each of them taught extensively, founding groups teaching T’ai chi to this day. Cheng Man-Ch’ing, perhaps the most famous outside of China, significantly shortened and simplified the 103-form Yang family Tai Chi Chuan traditional forms Yang taught him after his teacher’s passing, reportedly to make them more accessible to larger numbers of students. Although Cheng’s modifications are considered controversial by most other schools and are not recognized by the Yang family, Cheng Man-Ch’ing is known as one of the first to teach T’ai Chi Ch’uan in the West.
His sons have continued to teach their 103-form Yang family Tai Chi Chuan father’s Taijiquan, including his first son, the late Yang Zhenming (1910–1985) (a.k.a. Yang Shaozhong, Yang Shou-Chung, Yeung Shao-Chung; 楊守中), who brought Yang-style T’ai Chi Ch’uan to Hong Kong, his second son Yang Zhenji (born 1921, current head of the family), his third son, Yang Zhenduo (楊振鐸; born 1926), living in Shanxi Province, who is widely considered the most prominent of the Yang family T’ai Chi Ch’uan instructors living today, and his fourth son, Yang Zhen Guo, born in 1928, and living in Hebei Province, Handan City.
The ones living in the USA are Stephen Tang, Wen Mei Yu and they both teach Shifu Marquez.
Yang-style T’ai Chi Ch’uan lineage tree